1. Wash hands frequently and keep good respiratory hygiene habits
Wash hands with soap or hand sanitizer and running water, and wipe hands with disposable tissue or clean towel. Wash hands immediately after touching respiratory secretions (e.g. after sneezing).
Keep good respiratory hygiene habits. When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with paper towel or towel, wash your hands after coughing or sneezing, and avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with your hands.
2、 Strengthen the Constitution and immunity, keep the environment clean and ventilated
Strengthen physical fitness and immunity, balance diet, exercise, work and rest, and avoid excessive fatigue.
Open the window for ventilation no less than 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes each time. When the outdoor air quality is poor, the ventilation frequency and time should be reduced appropriately.
3. Minimize activities in crowded areas and focus on symptoms
Minimize activities in crowded places and avoid contacting patients with respiratory tract infection
In case of respiratory tract infection symptoms such as cough, runny nose, fever, etc., isolation and rest should be carried out at home. If the fever persists or the symptoms aggravate, the patient should be treated as soon as possible.
4. The role of hand washing in the prevention of respiratory diseases
Washing hands correctly is one of the effective measures to prevent diarrhea and respiratory tract infection. China Centers for Disease Control and prevention, the World Health Organization and other authoritative agencies have recommended soap and water (running water) to wash hands fully.
5. Correct hand washing requires six steps
① Wash hands and palms together (rub hands together for five times);
② Wash hands and fingers with hands crossed (palm to back, hands crossed and overlapped, exchange left and right hands for five times each);
③ Hand to hand hand hand rubbing hand to hand finger sewing (hand to hand ten fingers interlaced, scrubbing five times);
④ Rub the fingertips into the palm of the hand, the left and right hands are the same (put the fingertips into the palm of the hand and rub each other five times each);
⑤ One hand holds the thumb of the other hand and rubs it five times;
⑥ Bend the fingers to make the joints rotate and knead in the palm of the other hand, and exchange for five rubs each.
6. When to wash hands
① Before and after document transfer;
② After coughing or sneezing;
③ Before, during and after the preparation of food;
④ Before eating;
⑤ After going to the toilet;
⑥ When hands are dirty;
⑦ After contact with others;
⑧ After contact with animals;
⑨ After going out and coming back.
7. How can I wash my hands when I don't have clear water?
You can use alcohol based disinfectants to clean your hands. Coronavirus is not acid and aChinaali resistant, and sensitive to organic solvents and disinfectants. 75% alcohol can inactivate the virus, so the alcohol disinfection products with a certain concentration can be used as substitutes for soap and running water hand washing.
8. How to choose a mask?
Option 1: choose disposable medical mask when going out normally, wear it for 4 hours continuously, and replace it immediately after pollution or humidity;
Option 2: N95 medical protective mask can be used to go to the hospital for medical treatment or crowded places, and it can be replaced after continuous wearing for 4 hours, or immediately after pollution or humidity.
Cotton masks and sponge masks are not recommended.
9. Use mask correctly
Usage of medical mask.
① The color of the mask is dark on the front, the front should face out, and there are metal strips on the medical mask.
② The one facing the face should be the reverse side of the medical mask, that is, the lighter side. In addition, pay attention to that the part with metal strip should be on the top of the mask, and don't wear it backwards.
③ After distinguishing the front, back, upper and lower ends of the mask, wash them by hand and hang the ropes at both ends on the ears.
④ Later, press the metal strips on both sides of the nose with your hands, so that the upper end of the mask is close to the nose, and then stretch the mask downward, so that the mask does not leave wrinkles, covering the nose and mouth.
10. How to wear masks for special people
① When pregnant women wear protective masks, they should pay attention to the combination of their own conditions and choose products with better comfort.
② The elderly and chronic patients with cardiopulmonary disease will cause discomfort and even aggravate the original condition after wearing, so they should seek professional guidance from doctors.
③ Children are in the stage of growth and development, their face shape is small, so children's protective masks are selected.