It is necessary for a professional foundry person to know this scrap knowledge!
Scrap steel is a general term for ferrous metal scrap in scrap metal recycling. It includes several categories such as scrap steel, scrap iron, slag steel, and oxidized scrap. There are more than a dozen varieties such as carbon scrap, alloy scrap, steel scrap, iron scrap, oxide scrap, light and thin material, and steel slag.
According to different specifications and quality requirements, reasonable planning and classification of varieties, even if they are fully utilized, are beneficial to production. Scrap iron and steel are roughly divided into four categories and more than a dozen varieties according to the current customary classification. 1. Scrap steel; 2. Scrap iron; 3. Oxidized waste; 4. Slag steel.
Classification of scrap steel
1. Carbon steel scrap: various carbon steel scraps with plate thickness above 2mm, wire diameter above 4mm, unit weight above 0.25 kg. Including scrap steel, leftover materials, steel products, steel castings, scrap machine parts, steel agricultural tools, etc., and alloy scraps must not be mixed.
2. Alloy steel scrap: The specification requirements are the same as those of carbon steel scrap, including various alloy steel scraps, mechanical parts, alloy steel castings, etc. Alloy steel shall be separated according to different steel grades, and carbon scrap shall not be mixed.
3. Lightweight materials: thin plate scraps, silicon steel sheets, iron drums, packaging iron sheets, car cabs with a thickness of less than 2mm, scrap steel wires, iron wires, steel ropes, etc., with a diameter of less than 4mm. The yield per ton is below 60%, and the converter steel production refuses to eat back. Generally, it is similar to light and thin materials, baling, briquetting, etc., which are exclusively used for the production of furnace steel, but the production of converter steel should be determined according to the resource situation.
4. Steel scraps: do not mix iron scraps, no impurities, no oxide blocks, no non-ferrous metals, separate long and short scraps, and separate carbon steel scraps from alloy steel scraps.
5. Waste gray iron: waste gray iron castings, machine bed bodies, low pressure valves, steel ingot molds, sandboxes, radiators, etc., regardless of size.
6. Waste white iron: iron pots, ploughshare steel mills and other waste white iron castings, regardless of size.
7. Recycled iron (commonly known as soil iron): both high-sulfur iron and lump pig iron smelted from soil blast furnace, including soil steel ingots, iron slag, etc., regardless of size.
8. Fire-burning iron: cast iron parts whose surface has been oxidized and deteriorated after long-term fire, such as stoves, furnace bars, smelting tanks, etc.
9. Malleable iron (ma steel): all kinds of pipe joints, wrenches, automobile rear axles and mechanical forgeable castings, etc.
10. Pig iron filings: steel filings, non-ferrous metals and other impurities shall not be mixed, and they shall not be oxidized and agglomerated.
11. Iron oxide scale: the scales that fall off during the process of rolling steel in the rolling mill and when the steel mill cleans the steel ingot, the iron content reaches more than 60%, and there is no impurities, no agglomeration, and no non-ferrous metals.
12. Iron mud: The dust blown out of the oxygen top-blowing converter in the steelmaking plant, and the iron mud ground by the grinding plant, the iron content is about 55%.
13. Steel slag: the steel content is required to be above 60%, regardless of size.
14. First-level briquette: the density is greater than 1.5t/m3.
15. Secondary briquette: the density is greater than 1t/m3.
16. The first grade pig iron briquetting: the density is greater than 3t/m3.
17. Second-level pig iron briquettes: the density is greater than 2t/m3.
18. First-level hot briquette: the density is greater than 2t/m3, and the briquette oxidation overburn does not exceed 5%.
19. Secondary hot briquette: the density is greater than 1.5t/m3, and the briquette oxidation overburn does not exceed 1 – 15%.
20. Light material hand bundle: tightly tied, the loading and unloading truck is not loose, not loose, the size of the bundle can be convenient to enter the furnace and fill the beach.
Comparison of domestic and foreign steel scrap standards:
Chinese market: heavy waste = 6mm, medium waste = 4mm
American market: HMS1=6mmHMS2=4mm
European market: E1=6mm E2=4mm
Japanese market: Remelting HS1=6mm Remelting HS2=4mm
The difference between ordinary scrap steel and scrap stainless steel
There will be some scraps in the process of producing stainless steel round steel and stainless steel flat steel. These scraps are also fully utilized by many companies. But everyone will be curious whether such scrap stainless steel is the same as ordinary scrap steel. If they are not the same between them What’s the difference?
1. The difference between toughness and hardness: ordinary scrap steel is soft and tough, easy to bend and not broken; chromium stainless steel scrap is hard, and can not be broken when hit; nickel-chromium stainless steel is tough, and can not be broken when hit.
2. The difference in oxidation resistance: ordinary scrap steel is easy to oxidize and rust, and is yellow; chromium stainless steel scrap is not easy to rust; nickel-chromium stainless steel scrap is not easy to rust.
3. The difference in color: ordinary steel scrap is dark brown; chromium stainless steel scrap is white after pickling; unpickled is brown-black; nickel-chromium stainless steel is pickled and silver-white; unpickled is brown and white (chromium manganese Nitrogen steel is black and hard in nature); cold-rolled and unannealed is silver-white, reflective and hard in nature.
4. Difference in magnetism: Huaxiang believes that ordinary steel scrap can be attracted by magnets under any circumstances; chromium stainless steel scraps are magnetic and can be attracted by magnets; nickel-chromium stainless steel scraps are non-magnetic when they are annealed. After cold working, there will be a little magnetism, but high manganese steel and chromium-manganese steel with higher manganese content are not magnetic.
5. The difference in gloss: ordinary scrap steel is shiny without oxidation; chromium stainless steel scrap is dull; nickel-chromium stainless steel scrap is shiny.
6. The difference of wiping with copper sulfate: ordinary scrap steel is purple-red; chromium stainless steel scrap does not change color; nickel-chromium stainless steel scrap scrapes off the oxide layer, drip a little water, and copper sulfate does not change color when wiped.
Please keep the source and address of this article for reprinting:It is necessary for a professional foundry person to know this scrap knowledge!
Minghe Die Casting Company are dedicated to manufacture and provide quality and high performance Casting Parts(metal die casting parts range mainly include Thin-Wall Die Casting,Hot Chamber Die Casting,Cold Chamber Die Casting),Round Service(Die Casting Service,Cnc Machining,Mold Making,Surface Treatment).Any custom Aluminum die casting, magnesium or Zamak/zinc die casting and other castings requirements are welcome to contact us.
Under the control of ISO9001 and TS 16949,All processes are carried out through hundreds of advanced die casting machines, 5-axis machines, and other facilities, ranging from blasters to Ultra Sonic washing machines.Minghe not only has advanced equipment but also have professional team of experienced engineers,operators and inspectors to make the customer’s design come true.
Contract manufacturer of die castings. Capabilities include cold chamber aluminum die casting parts from 0.15 lbs. to 6 lbs., quick change set up, and machining. Value-added services include polishing, vibrating, deburring, shot blasting, painting, plating, coating, assembly, and tooling. Materials worked with include alloys such as 360, 380, 383, and 413.
Zinc die casting design assistance/concurrent engineering services. Custom manufacturer of precision zinc die castings. Miniature castings, high pressure die castings, multi-slide mold castings, conventional mold castings, unit die and independent die castings and cavity sealed castings can be manufactured. Castings can be manufactured in lengths and widths up to 24 in. in +/-0.0005 in. tolerance.
ISO 9001: 2015 certified manufacturer of die cast magnesium, Capabilities include high-pressure magnesium die casting up to 200 ton hot chamber & 3000 ton cold chamber, tooling design, polishing, molding, machining, powder & liquid painting, full QA with CMM capabilities, assembly, packaging & delivery.
ITAF16949 certified. Additional Casting Service Include investment casting,sand casting,Gravity Casting, Lost Foam Casting,Centrifugal Casting,Vacuum Casting,Permanent Mold Casting,.Capabilities include EDI, engineering assistance, solid modeling and secondary processing.
Casting Industries Parts Case Studies for: Cars, Bikes, Aircraft, Musical instruments, Watercraft, Optical devices, Sensors, Models, Electronic devices, Enclosures, Clocks, Machinery, Engines, Furniture, Jewelry, Jigs, Telecom, Lighting, Medical devices, Photographic devices, Robots, Sculptures, Sound equipment, Sporting equipment, Tooling, Toys and more.
What Can we help you do next?
∇ Go To Homepage For Die Casting China
By Minghe Die Casting Manufacturer |Categories: Helpful Articles |Material Tags: Aluminum Casting, Zinc Casting, Magnesium Casting, Titanium Casting, Stainless Steel Casting, Brass Casting,Bronze Casting,Casting Video,Company History,Aluminum Die Casting |Comments Off
Link to this article：It is necessary for a professional foundry person to know this scrap knowledge!
Reprint Statement: If there are no special instructions, all articles on this site are original. Please indicate the source for reprinting.：Silicone And Casting，Thanks！^^